Bone Regeneration

In addition to flap surgery, bone or tissue grafts may be suggested. Grafting is a way to replace or encourage new growth of bone or gum tissue destroyed by periodontitis.


A technique that can be used with bone grafting is called guided tissue regeneration, in which a small piece of mesh-like fabric is inserted between the bone and gum tissue. This keeps the gum tissue from growing into the area where the bone should be, allowing the bone and connective tissue to regrow.


Since each case is different, it is not possible to predict with certainty which grafts will be successful over the long-term. Treatment results depend on many things, including severity of the disease, ability to maintain oral hygiene at home and certain risk factors, such as smoking, which may lower the chances of success.